Tools for Teaching Content Literacy

Reading and writing across content areas is emphasized in the standards and on high-stakes tests at the state and national level. As educators seek to incorporate content-area literacy into their teaching, they confront a maze of theories, instructional strategies, and acronyms like REAP and RAFT. Teachers who do work their way through the myriad content reading and writing strategies are discovering not all activities are appropriate for content instruction: only those with a strong research base meet the high standards expected in classrooms today.

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Description

Reading and writing across content areas is emphasized in the standards and on high-stakes tests at the state and national level. As educators seek to incorporate content-area literacy into their teaching, they confront a maze of theories, instructional strategies, and acronyms like REAP and RAFT. Teachers who do work their way through the myriad content reading and writing strategies are discovering not all activities are appropriate for content instruction: only those with a strong research...read more

About the Author(s)

Janet Allen is an international consultant recognized for her comprehensive work in reading education.

Table of Contents

  • Contents
  • Introduction

Part 1: Assess and Build Content Knowledge

  • K-W-L, K-W-L Plus, B-K-W-L-Q
  • Skimming and Scanning (Comprehension)
  • List-Group-Label
  • Book Pass
  • Text Structures and Supports
  • Developing Questions for Reading: Concept Ladder
  • Word Study: Developing Content Vocabulary
  • Book in a Day
  • Word Study: How to Learn Content Vocabulary Through Context
  • Admit Slip: Establishing a Purpose for Reading
  • Anticipating Content: Here and Now, Predict-O-Gram, Story Impressions
  • Anticipation Guide

Part 2: Support and Monitor Comprehension

  • Reciprocal Teaching (Comprehension)
  • DR-TA (Directed Reading-Thinking Activity)
  • REAP (Read, Encode, Annotate, Ponder) (Main Idea, Summarizing)
  • Learning Logs
  • Compare/Contrast: Discovering Patterns
  • Questions Game (Comprehension/Discussion)
  • TAG (Textbook Activity Guide)
  • ReQuest
  • Cornell Note-Taking
  • QAR (Question-Answer Relationship)
  • Academic Notebooks: Writing to Learn

Part 3: Evaluate, Extend, and Transfer Content Knowledge

  • RAFT Writing (Role, Audience, Format, Topic)
  • Text Highlighting
  • SPAWN (Special Powers, Problem Solving, Alternative Viewpoints, What If, Next) (Comprehension/Writing)
  • Test-Taking Strategies
  • PORPE (Predict, Organize, Rehearse, Practice, Evaluate)
  • (Comprehension/Writing Essays)
  • Inquiry and Research: I-Charts
  • GIST (Generating Interactions Between Schemata and Texts)
  • (Comprehension)
  • Homework
  • Exclusion Brainstorming
  • Exit Slips

Appendix

Product Details

Grade Range: 4-12
Media: 52 pp/paper (flipchart)
Year: 2003
Item No: 0380
ISBN: 978-157110-380-2

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